Introduction to Mechanics
Purpose of Course showclose
Physics 101 is the first course in the Introduction to Physics sequence. In general, the quest of physics is to develop descriptions of the natural world that correspond closely to actual observations. Given this definition, the story behind everything in the universe is one of physics. In practice, the field of physics is more often limited to the discovery and refinement of the basic laws that underlie the behavior of matter and energy. While biology is founded upon physics, in practice, the study of biology generally assumes that the present understanding of physical laws is accurate. Chemistry is more closely dependent on physics and assumes that physical laws provide accurate predictions. Engineering, for the most part, is applied physics. In this course, we will study physics from the ground up, learning the basic principles of physical laws, their application to the behavior of objects, and the use of the scientific method in driving advances in this knowledge. This first course of the threecourse series (the subsequent courses in the series are Introduction to Electromagnetism and Introduction to Modern Physics) will cover the area of physics known as classical mechanics. Classical mechanics is the study of motion based on the physics of Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton.
While mathematics is the language of physics, you will only need to be familiar with high school level algebra, geometry, and trigonometry. The small amount of additional math and calculus that we need will be developed during the course.
Course Information showclose
Primary Resources: This course is comprised of a range of different free online materials. However, the course makes primary use of the following resources:
 Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Professor Walter Lewin’s Physics I: Classical Mechanics Video Lectures
 The textbook to accompany this course is OpenStax College’s College Physics.You may find it helpful to download the PDF version and save the PDF file as it will be used throughout the entire course. Problems will be assigned from this text. These are extremely important as they will be similar to those on the final exams. Solutions to the problem sets are available, but it is important that you make every effort to solve the problems before looking at the solutions. Getting the answers is not what is important. It is more important that you understand how to go about finding the answers in a systematic way. The Student Solutions Manual for College Physics can be found here under Learning Resources.
 Additional problems will be assigned from CalculusBased Physicsby Jeffery W. Schnick. Please feel free to browse this text, but our use of the text will only be for problemsand their solutions. Although there will be no readings assigned from this text, it may be useful to look at the appropriate sections of the text when working the problems, particularly if you get stuck.
 University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s “Physics Flash Animations”
 The Final Exam
In order to “pass” this course, you will need to earn a 70% or higher on the Final Exam. Your score on the exam will be tabulated as soon as you complete it. If you do not pass the exam, you may take it again.
Time Commitment: This course should take you a total of about 130 hours to complete. Each unit includes a “time advisory” that lists the amount of time you are expected to spend on it and each of its subunits. These should help you plan your time accordingly. It may be useful to take a look at these time advisories and to determine how much time you have over the next few weeks to complete each unit, and then to set goals for yourself. For example, Unit 1 should take approximately 6.75 hours. Perhaps you can sit with your calendar and decide to complete subunit 1.1 (a total of 3.75 hours) on Monday night and subunit 1.2 (a total of 3 hours) on Tuesday night. Unit 2 should take you 13.25 hours to complete. Perhaps you can schedule time to complete subunit 2.1 (a total of 4 hours) on Wednesday night; subunit 2.2 (a total of 2.75 hours) on Thursday night; etc.
Tips/Suggestions: Take comprehensive notes as you complete the resources in this course. It may also help to keep the problems you solve in one notebook for easy reference. These notes will serve as a useful review as you prepare and study for the Final Exam.
Good luck to you in this undertaking you are about to embark on.
Learning Outcomes showclose
 Explain the difference between a theory and a law.
 Identify the values of the most common metric prefixes.
 Compare and contrast distance and displacement.
 Define and distinguish between vector and scalar physical quantities.
 Solve 1dinentional kinematics problems.
 Describe the effects of gravity on an object’s motion.
 Add and subtract vectors.
 Separately analyze the horizontal and vertical motions in projectile problems.
 Determine the net force on an object.
 Use Newton's second law of motion to analyze dynamic problems.
 Solve problems involving springs.
 Compare and contrast the physical properties associated with linear motion and rotational motion.
 State Newton's law of gravity in words.
 Solve problems involving planets and satellites.
 Define the work done on an object by a force.
 Describe the relationship between work done and the change in kinetic energy.
 Describe the concept of potential energy and how it relates to work.
 Solve dynamics problems using conservation of energy.
 Describe the distinction between renewable and nonrenewable energy sources.
 State Newton's 2^{nd} law in terms of momentum.
 Use conservation of momentum to solve collision problems.
 Define the conditions necessary for a rigid body to be in equilibrium.
 Solve statics problems.
 Solve kinematics and dynamic problems involving rotational motion.
 Compare and contrast the dynamics of linear and rotational motion.
 Apply energy concepts to rotational motion.
Course Requirements showclose
√ Have access to a computer.
√ Have continuous broadband Internet access.
√ Have the ability/permission to install plugins or software (e.g., Adobe Reader or Flash).
√ Have the ability to download and save files and documents to a computer.
√ Have the ability to open Microsoft files and documents (.doc, .ppt, .xls, etc.).
√ Have competency in the English language.
√ Have read the Saylor Student Handbook.
Unit Outline show close

Unit 1: Introduction to Physics
Our first step in this course is to gain a basic understanding of the language and analytical techniques that are specific to physics. This unit will include a brief outline of physics and the scientific method, measurement units and scientific notation, and the concepts of significant figures, orderofmagnitude estimates, and scaling.
Unit 1 Time Advisory show close
Unit 1 Learning Outcomes show close

1.1 Physical Quantities and Units
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read the Preface and sections 1.1 and 1.2 of “Chapter 1: Introduction: The Nature of Science and Physics,” on pages 7 to 24. Look over the corresponding conceptual questions to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 4 and 10 on page 33. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions. Hint: For question 10, assume that the orbit is perfectly circular and recall that circumference can be found by multiplying the distance x 2 pi.
Reading this section and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Optional Reading: The Saylor Foundation’s “Subunit 1.1 Notes”
Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Subunit 1.1 Notes” (DOC)
Instructions: This notes page includes some highlevel takeaways and equations covered in this subunit. Feel free to add to this document; we deliberately left it in DOC format to encourage you to add to and expand it. Consider sharing your notes with your classmates on our discussion forum for this course.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

1.2 Accuracy, Precision, and Significant Figures
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 1.3 and 1.4 of “Chapter 1: Introduction: The Nature of Science and Physics” (pages 25 to 32). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 15, 21, and 27 on page 33. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Reading: Texas A&M University: “Math Skills Review, Significant Figures”
Link: Texas A&M University: “Math Skills Review, Significant Figures” (HTML)
Instructions: After reading the College Physics material, please click on the link above, and review these rules on significant digits.
Reading this webpage should take approximately 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

Unit 1 Assessment
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 1 Assessment”
Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 1 Assessment”
Instructions: Answer the questions in this assessment to test your knowledge of the material covered in this unit. The answers will be displayed when you click “Submit.”
Note: You must be logged into your Saylor Foundation School account in order to access this assessment. If you do not yet have an account, you will be able to create one, free of charge, after clicking the link.
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 1 Assessment”

Unit 2: Motion in a Straight Line
Our formal study of physics begins with kinematics, which is defined as the study of motion without considering its causes. The word “kinematics” comes from a Greek term meaning “motion.” In this unit, we will study motion without worrying about what forces cause or change it. Such considerations come in later units. In this unit, we will examine the simplest type of motion – namely, motion along a straight line, or onedimensional motion.
Unit 2 Time Advisory show close
Unit 2 Learning Outcomes show close

2.1 Vectors, Scalars, and Coordinate Systems
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “OneDimensional Motion: Displacement, Velocity, and Time”
Link: Khan Academy’s “OneDimensional Motion: Displacement, Velocity, and Time” (YouTube)
Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.
Watching this lecture series should take approximately 45 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 2.1 and 2.2 of “Chapter 2: Kinematics” (pages 35 to 39). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 76 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problem 1 on page 81. The solution is in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve the problem before looking at the solution.
Reading these sections and completing the problem should take approximately 2 hours.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “The Derivative of the Sine Function is Cosine” and “Integration”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “The Derivative of the Sine Function” (Flash) and “Integration” (Flash)
Instructions: Review the web resources linked above. It will be helpful throughout the course.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Displacement and Distance”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Displacement and Distance” (Flash)
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and select the play button to start the animation. Make sure you understand the distinction between distance and displacement made in the resource linked above.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “OneDimensional Motion: Displacement, Velocity, and Time”

2.2 Velocity, Speed, and Acceleration
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “OneDimensional Motion: Acceleration”
Link: Khan Academy’s “OneDimensional Motion: Acceleration” (YouTube)
Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.
Watching this lecture series should take approximately 45 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 2.3 and 2.4 of “Chapter 2: Kinematics” (pages 39 to 51). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on pages 77 and 78 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 14 and 15 on page 81. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Constant Acceleration”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Constant Acceleration” (Flash)
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and select the play button to launch the animation. Make sure you understand both the slope (derivative) and areal (integral) meanings of position, velocity, and acceleration.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “OneDimensional Motion: Acceleration”

2.3 Motion with Constant Acceleration
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 2.5 and 2.6 of “Chapter 2: Kinematics” (pages 51 to 61). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 78 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 21, 26, and 32 on pages 81 and 82. The solutions arein the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

2.4 Falling Objects
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read section 2.7 of “Chapter 2: Kinematics” (pages 62 to 68). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 78 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 41 and 47 on pages 82 and 83. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1, 2, and 3 from 106A and 3 from 107. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Lecture: Khan Academy’s “OneDimensional Motion: Kinematic Formulas and Projectile Motion”
Link: Khan Academy’s “OneDimensional Motion: Kinematic Formulas and Projectile Motion” (YouTube)
Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.
Watching this lecture series should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

2.5 Graphical Analysis
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read section 2.8 of “Chapter 2: Kinematics” (pages 68 to 75). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on pages 78–80 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problem 59 on page 83. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve the problem before looking at the solution.
Reading these sections and completing the problem should take approximately 2 hours.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Racing Balls”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Racing Balls” (Flash)
Instructions: Before running the animation, make an educated guess about which of the two balls will reach the wall first. If your prediction is wrong, figure out why. To view the animation, click on the link above and then select the play button. Hint: Think of a speed vs. time graph.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1, 2, and 3 from SAC108. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 45 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

Unit 2 Assessment
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 2 Assessment”
Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 2 Assessment”
Instructions: Answer the questions in this assessment to test your knowledge of the material covered in this unit. The answers will be displayed when you click “Submit.”
Note: You must be logged into your Saylor Foundation School account in order to access this assessment. If you do not yet have an account, you will be able to create one, free of charge, after clicking the link.
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 2 Assessment”

Unit 3: Kinematics in Two Dimensions
Most motions in nature follow curved paths rather than straight lines. Motion along a curved path on a flat surface or a plane is twodimensional and thus described by twodimensional kinematics. Twodimensional kinematics is a simple extension of the onedimensional kinematics covered in the previous unit. This simple extension will allow us to apply physics to many more situations, and it will also yield unexpected insights about nature.
Unit 3 Time Advisory show close
Unit 3 Learning Outcomes show close

3.1 Kinematics in Two Dimensions
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read section 3.1 of “Chapter 3: TwoDimensional Kinematics” (pages 85 to 88).
Reading this section should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

3.2 Vector Addition and Subtraction
 Reading: Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Department of Physics’ “Appendix A: Review of Vectors”
Link: Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Department of Physics’ “Appendix A: Review of Vectors” (PDF and HTML)
Instructions: Read this material carefully before watching the next lectures.
Reading this material should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Lecture: Khan Academy’s “TwoDimensional Motion: TwoDimensional Projectile Motion”
Link: Khan Academy’s “TwoDimensional Motion: TwoDimensional Projectile Motion” (YouTube)
Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below. Don’t worry if it seems intimidating. We will review the dot and cross products at a more appropriate level later when they are needed for this course.
Watching this lecture series should take approximately 2 hours and 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Galilean Relativity”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Galilean Relativity” (Flash)
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and then select the play button to start the animation. Observe that the physical result (the ball falls at the sailor’s feet) is independent of our position while we watch the event as well as our movement relative to the event we are observing. This illustrates the same principle as the cart and golf ball in the previous lecture.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Vector Addition”, “Adding 3 Vectors”, “Adding Vector Components”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Vector Addition”, “Adding 3 Vectors”, “Adding Vector Components” (Flash)
Instructions: Please take a careful look at each of the resources linked above. Select the play button on each webpage linked above to start the animation.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Unit Vectors”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Unit Vectors” (Flash)
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and select the play button to start the animation. In this animation, you will vary the x and y components of a vector and observe the resulting vector and its magnitude.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1, 2, and 3 from SAC109. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 45 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Department of Physics’ “Appendix A: Review of Vectors”

3.3 Constant Acceleration Motion
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 3.2 and 3.3 of “Chapter 3: TwoDimensional Kinematics” (pages 88 to 100). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on pages 116 and 117 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 1, 7, 13, and 19 on pages 118 and 119. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1, 2, and 3 from SAC106 and problems 1 through 4 from SAC109A. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 2 hours.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

3.4 Projectile Motion
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 3.4 and 3.5 of “Chapter 3: TwoDimensional Kinematics” (pages 101 to 113). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 117 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 30, 40, 46, 54, 62, and 66 on pages 120–122. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 3 hours.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Kinematics of Projectile Motion”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Kinematics of Projectile Motion” (Flash)
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and then select the play button to start the animation. View the 3 frames to understand the relative roles of position, velocity, and acceleration in projectile motion.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Projectile Motion”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Projectile Motion” (Flash)
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and then select the play button to start the animation. Vary the controls to create at least 10 different situations. Analyze the results for a few of them to assure yourself that the displayed trajectories accurately represent the projectile’s motion under the influence of gravity. Do you find the gravitational acceleration to be 9.8 m/sec^{2}?
Reviewing this material should take approximately 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Lecture: Khan Academy’s “TwoDimensional Motion: Optimal Angle for a Projectile”
Link: Khan Academy’s “TwoDimensional Motion: Optimal Angle for a Projectile” (YouTube)
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.
Watching this lecture should take approximately 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “The Monkey and the Hunter”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “The Monkey and the Hunter” (Flash)
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and select the play button to start the animation.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Dropping Two Balls near the Earth”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Dropping Two Balls near the Earth” (Flash)
Instructions: Vary the initial conditions to demonstrate that the vertical acceleration and the horizontal motion are independent of each other. This is a simple version of a common projectile problem.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1, 2, 3, and 4 from SAC10. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

Unit 3 Assessment
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 3 Assessment”
Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 3 Assessment”
Instructions: Answer the questions in this assessment to test your knowledge of the material covered in this unit. The answers will be displayed when you click “Submit.”
Note: You must be logged into your Saylor Foundation School account in order to access this assessment. If you do not yet have an account, you will be able to create one, free of charge, after clicking the link.
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 3 Assessment”

Unit 4: Dynamics
The study of motion is kinematics, which describes the way objects move, their velocity, and their acceleration. Dynamicsconsider the forces that affect the motion of moving objects. Newton’s laws of motion are the foundation of dynamics. These laws provide examples of the breadth and simplicity of principles under which nature functions. They are also universal laws in that they apply to similar situations on Earth as well as in space.
Unit 4 Time Advisory show close
Unit 4 Learning Outcomes show close

4.1 Newton's First and Second Laws of Motion
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Newton’s Laws of Motion”
Link: Khan Academy’s “Newton’s Laws of Motion” (YouTube)
Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.
Watching this lecture should take approximately 45 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 4.1, 4.2, and 4.3 of “Chapter 4: Dynamics: Force and Newton’s Laws of Motion” (pages 123 to 132). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on pages 155 and 156 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 1, 7, and 13 on page 157. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solution.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Newton’s Laws of Motion”

4.2 Newton's Third Law of Motion and Normal and Tension Forces
 Reading: Khan Academy’s “Normal Force and Contact Force”Link: Khan Academy’s “Normal Force and Contact Force” (YouTube)Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.Watching this lecture series should take approximately 20 minutes.Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 4.4 and 4.5 of “Chapter 4: Dynamics: Force and Newton’s Laws of Motion” (pages 132 to 142). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 156 to test your understanding of the sections.
Reading this section should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1 through 4 from SAC112, problems 1 through 4 from SAC112A, and problems 1 through 3 from SAC113. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 3 hours.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: Khan Academy’s “Normal Force and Contact Force”

4.3 Applications of Newton's Laws of Motion
 Reading: Khan Academy’s “Balanced and Unbalanced Forces” and “Slow Sock on Lubricon IV”Link: Khan Academy’s “Balanced and Unbalanced Forces” and “Slow Sock on Lubricon IV” (YouTube)Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.Watching this lecture series should take approximately 30 minutes.Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 4.6 and 4.7 of “Chapter 4: Dynamics: Force and Newton’s Laws of Motion” (pages 142 to 150). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 156 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 25, 30, 33, 34, 46, 49, and 51 on pages 158–160. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 3 hours.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1 through 10 from SAC114. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: Khan Academy’s “Balanced and Unbalanced Forces” and “Slow Sock on Lubricon IV”

4.4 Friction
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Inclined Planes and Friction”Link: Khan Academy’s “Inclined Planes and Friction” (YouTube)Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.Watching this lecture series should take approximately 1 hour.Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read section 5.1 of “Chapter 5: Further Applications of Newton’s Laws: Friction, Drag, and Elasticity” (pages 163 to 169). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 182 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 8 and 14 on page 184. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problem 3 from SAC102. The solution is available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problem before looking at the solution.
Completing this activity should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Inclined Planes and Friction”

4.5 Springs
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Tension”Link: Khan Academy’s “Tension” (YouTube)Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.Watching this lecture series should take approximately 30 minutes.Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read section 16.1 on Hooke’s Law and motion and energy associated with a spring (pages 550 to 553). Look over the corresponding conceptual question on page 582 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 2 and 5 on page 584. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Hooke’s Law”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Hooke’s Law” (Flash)
Instructions: Please take a look at the web resource linked above. Note that the spring always exerts force in the direction that returns the spring to its original unstretched length.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1 and 2 from SAC102 and 1, 2, and 3 from SAC109. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Tension”

4.6 The Simple Pendulum
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read section 16.4 on the simple pendulum (pages 559 to 561). Look over the corresponding conceptual question on page 582 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 24 and 30 on page 585. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Forces on a Pendulum”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Forces on a Pendulum” (Flash)
Instructions: Develop equations of motion for this pendulum that give predictions that agree with the simulated behavior. Is the tension on the string correct for a gravitational field of 9.8 m/sec^{2}?
Reviewing this material should take approximately 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1 through 4 from SAC127. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

Unit 4 Assessment
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 4 Assessment”
Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 4 Assessment”
Instructions: Answer the questions in this assessment to test your knowledge of the material covered in this unit. The answers will be displayed when you click “Submit.”
Note: You must be logged into your Saylor Foundation School account in order to access this assessment. If you do not yet have an account, you will be able to create one, free of charge, after clicking the link.
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 4 Assessment”

Unit 5: Circular Motion and Gravity
In this unit, we will study the simplest form of curved motion: uniform circular motion, or motion in a circular path at constant speed. In some ways, this unit is a continuation of the previous unit on dynamics, but we will introduce new concepts such as angular velocity and acceleration, centripetal force, and the force of gravity.
Unit 5 Time Advisory show close
Unit 5 Learning Outcomes show close

5.1 Angular Velocity and Acceleration
 Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Uniform Circular Motion Is Simple Harmonic Motion”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Uniform Circular Motion Is Simple Harmonic Motion” (Flash)
Instructions: This resource illustrates the connection between uniform circular motion and the simple harmonic motion associated with Hooke’s Law.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 6.1 and 6.2 of “Chapter 6: Uniform Circular Motion and Gravitation” (pages 187 to 194). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 214 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 1, 7, and 18 on page 217. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Right Hand Rule”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Right Hand Rule” (Flash)
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and study the animation, which illustrates the rule for determining the direction of the angular velocity vector.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1 through 6 in SAC116 and 1 through 6 in SAC117. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 3 hours.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Harmonic Motion”Link: Khan Academy’s “Harmonic Motion” (YouTube)Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.Watching this lecture series should take approximately 30 minutes.Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Uniform Circular Motion Is Simple Harmonic Motion”

5.2 Centripetal Force
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Centripetal Acceleration”Link: Khan Academy’s “Centripetal Acceleration” (YouTube)Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.Watching this lecture series should take approximately 1 hour.Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 6.3 and 6.4 of “Chapter 6: Uniform Circular Motion and Gravitation” (pages 194 to 201). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on pages 214–216 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problem 26 on page 218. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve the problem before looking at the solution.
Reading these sections and completing the problem should take approximately 2 hours.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “A Mass Moving in a Vertical Circle”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “A Mass Moving in a Vertical Circle” (Flash)
Instructions: The mass is constrained to move in a vertical circle while feeling the effects of Earth’s gravity. Determine how the tension on the string must vary to make this happen as shown.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1, 2, and 3 from SAC119. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 45 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Centripetal Acceleration”

5.3 Newton's Law of Gravity
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Newton’s Law of Gravitation”Link: Khan Academy’s “Newton’s Law of Gravitation” (YouTube)Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.Watching this lecture series should take approximately 1 hour and 15 minutes.Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 6.5 and 6.6 of “Chapter 6: Uniform Circular Motion and Gravitation” (pages 201 to 212). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 216 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 33, 39, 45, and 49 on pages 219 and 220. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1 through 4 from SAC115. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Newton’s Law of Gravitation”

Unit 5 Assessment
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 5 Assessment”
Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 5 Assessment”
Instructions: Answer the questions in this assessment to test your knowledge of the material covered in this unit. The answers will be displayed when you click “Submit.”
Note: You must be logged into your Saylor Foundation School account in order to access this assessment. If you do not yet have an account, you will be able to create one, free of charge, after clicking the link.
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 5 Assessment”

Unit 6: Work and Energy
Energy is the capacity of a physical system to perform work. It plays an essential role both in everyday events and in scientific phenomena. You can probably name many forms of energy from that provided by our foods to the energy we use to run our cars to the sunlight that warms us on the beach. Not only does energy have many interesting forms, but it is involved in almost all phenomena and is one of the most important concepts of physics.
Unit 6 Time Advisory show close
Energy can change forms, but it cannot appear from nothing or disappear without a trace. Thus, energy is one of a handful of physical quantities that we say is conserved.
Unit 6 Learning Outcomes show close

6.1 Work and Kinetic Energy
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Work and Energy”, “Mechanical Advantage”, and “Springs and Hooke’s Law”Link: Khan Academy’s “Work and Energy”, “Mechanical Advantage”, and “Springs and Hooke’s Law” (YouTube)Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.Watching this lecture series should take approximately 2 hours and 15 minutes.Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 7.1 and 7.2 of “Chapter 7: Work, Energy, and Energy Resources” (pages 221 to 228). Work on solving problems 1, 7, and 13. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Vector Dot Product”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Vector Dot Product” (Flash)
Instructions:In this animation, you will vary the angle between the two vectors and observe the effect on the dot product.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1, 2, and 3 from SAC122. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 45 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Work and Energy”, “Mechanical Advantage”, and “Springs and Hooke’s Law”

6.2 Conservative Forces and Potential Energy
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 7.3 and 7.4 of “Chapter 7: Work, Energy, and Energy Resources” (pages 228 to 236). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 254 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problem 16 on page 256. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve the problem before looking at the solution.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

6.3 Conservation of Energy
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 7.5 and 7.6 of “Chapter 7: Work, Energy, and Energy Resources” (pages 236 to 243). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on pages 254 and 255 to test your understanding of the sections.
Reading these sections should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 4, 5, and 6 from SAC102. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 45 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

6.4 Power
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 7.7, 7.8, and 7.9 of “Chapter 7: Work, Energy, and Energy Resources” (pages 243 to 251). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 255 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 30, 36, 42, 46, 52, and 58 on pages 257–259. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 3 hours.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1 through 4 from SAC124. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

Unit 6 Assessment
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 6 Assessment”
Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 6 Assessment”
Instructions: Answer the questions in this assessment to test your knowledge of the material covered in this unit. The answers will be displayed when you click “Submit.”
Note: You must be logged into your Saylor Foundation School account in order to access this assessment. If you do not yet have an account, you will be able to create one, free of charge, after clicking the link.
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 6 Assessment”

Unit 7: Momentum and Collisions
We use the term momentum in various ways in everyday language. We speak of sports teams gaining and maintaining the momentum to win. Generally, momentum implies a tendency to continue on course – to move in the same direction – and is associated with mass and velocity. Momentum has its most important application in analyzing collision problems, and, like energy, is important because it is conserved. Only a few physical quantities are conserved in nature, and studying them yields fundamental insight into how nature works, as we shall see in our study of momentum.
Unit 7 Time Advisory show close
Unit 7 Learning Outcomes show close

7.1 Momentum and Impulse
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 8.1, and 8.2 of “Chapter 8: Linear Momentum and Collisions” (pages 261 to 265). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 282 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 1, 9, and 15 on page 284. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1 through 4 from SAC125. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

7.2 Conservation of Momentum in Collisions
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Momentum”Link: Khan Academy’s “Momentum” (YouTube)Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.Watching this lecture series should take approximately 45 minutes.Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 8.3, 8.4, and 8.5 of “Chapter 8: Linear Momentum and Collisions” (pages 266 to 274). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 282 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 23, 33, 38, and 44 on pages 284–286. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Collisions on an Air Track”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Collisions on an Air Track” (Flash)
Instructions: This is a classic physics demonstration. Vary the conditions as allowed by the animation and solve the equations of motion based on conservation of momentum and (in the case of elastic collisions) energy. Develop an explanation for any apparent discrepancies.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1 through 5 from SAC104. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Momentum”

7.3 Collisions in Two Dimensions
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 8.6, and 8.7 of “Chapter 8: Linear Momentum and Collisions” (pages 274 to 280). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 282 and 283 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 49, 55, 57, and 61 on pages 286 and 287. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

Unit 7 Assessment
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 7 Assessment”
Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 7 Assessment”
Instructions: Answer the questions in this assessment to test your knowledge of the material covered in this unit. The answers will be displayed when you click “Submit.”
Note: You must be logged into your Saylor Foundation School account in order to access this assessment. If you do not yet have an account, you will be able to create one, free of charge, after clicking the link.
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 7 Assessment”

Unit 8: Statics and Torque
What might desks, bridges, buildings, trees, and mountains have in common – at least in the eyes of a physicist? The answer is that they are ordinarily motionless relative to the Earth. Thus, their acceleration in the Earth frame of reference is zero. Newton’s second law states that net F = ma,so the net external force is zero on all stationary objects and for all objects moving at constant velocity. There are forces acting, but they are balanced. That is, the forces are in equilibrium.
Unit 8 Time Advisory show close
Unit 8 Learning Outcomes show close

8.1 Conditions for Equilibrium
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 9.1, 9.2, and 9.3 of “Chapter 9: Statics and Torque” (pages 289 to 298). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 310 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 1, 6, and 14 on pages 312 and 313. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: Khan Academy’s “Cross Product and Torque”
Link: Khan Academy’s “Cross Product and Torque” (YouTube)
Instructions: This video discusses torque as a cross product of the lever arm and the force vector and illustrates how the direction of the torque is related to the directions of the lever arm and the force.
Watching this video and pausing to take notes should take you approximately 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Vector Cross Product”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “Vector Cross Product” (Flash)
Instructions:In this animation, you will vary the angle between the two vectors and observe the effect on the cross product.
Reviewing this material should take approximately 15 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1 and 2 from SAC118. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

8.2 Applications of Statics
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read section 9.4 of “Chapter 9: Statics and Torque” (pages 298 to 301). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 310 to test your understanding of the sections.
Reading this section should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1 through 5 from SAC121. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

8.3 Simple Machines
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 9.5 and 9.6 of “Chapter 9: Statics and Torque” (pages 301 to 309). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on pages 310 and 311 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problem 32 on page 314. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

Unit 8 Assessment
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 8 Assessment”
Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 8 Assessment”
Instructions: Answer the questions in this assessment to test your knowledge of the material covered in this unit. The answers will be displayed when you click “Submit.”
Note: You must be logged into your Saylor Foundation School account in order to access this assessment. If you do not yet have an account, you will be able to create one, free of charge, after clicking the link.
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 8 Assessment”

Unit 9: Angular Momentum
Why do tornadoes spin so rapidly? The answer is that the air masses that produce tornadoes are themselves rotating, and when the radii of the air masses decrease, their rate of rotation increases. An ice skater increases her spin in an exactly analogous way. The skater starts her rotation with outstretched limbs and increases her spin by pulling them in toward her body. The same physics describes the spin of a skater and the wrenching force of a tornado. Clearly, force, energy, and power are associated with rotational motion. These and other aspects of rotational motion are covered in this unit. We will see that all important aspects of rotational motion either have already been defined for linear motion or have exact analogs in linear motion.
Unit 9 Time Advisory show close
Unit 9 Learning Outcomes show close

9.1 Kinematics of Rotational Motion
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Torque, Moments, and Angular Momentum”Link: Khan Academy’s “Torque, Moments, and Angular Momentum” (YouTube)Instructions: Please click on the link above and watch this lecture series, pausing to take notes, before moving on to the reading below.Watching this lecture series should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 10.1 and 10.2 of “Chapter 10: Rotational Motion and Angular Momentum” (pages 317 to 326). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 348 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 1 and 3 on page 352. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Reading: James H. Dann and James J. Dann’s People’s Physics Book: “Chapter 9: Rotational Motion”
Link: James H. Dann and James J. Dann’s People’s Physics Book: “Chapter 9: Rotational Motion” (PDF)
Instructions: Please click on the link above, scroll down the page to “Ch 9: Rotational Motion,” and select the link to open the PDF document. Read the entirety of Chapter 9. From pages 94 to 910, solve problems 14, 1013, 16, and 21.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Lecture: Khan Academy’s “Torque, Moments, and Angular Momentum”

9.2 Dynamics of Rotational Motion
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read sections 10.3 and 10.4 of “Chapter 10: Rotational Motion and Angular Momentum” (pages 326 to 336). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on page 349 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problems 10, 16, 24, and 30 on pages 352 and 353. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve them before looking at the solutions.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 3 from SAC103 and 1, 2, and 3 from SAC123. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

9.3 Conservation of Angular Momentum
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics
Link: OpenStax College’s College Physics (PDF)
Instructions: Read section 10.5 of “Chapter 10: Rotational Motion and Angular Momentum” (pages 336 to 341). Look over the corresponding conceptual questions on pages 349–351 to test your understanding of the sections. Work on solving problem 36 on page 354. The solutions are in the Student Solution Manual found here under Learning Resources, but make a serious attempt to solve the problem before looking at the solution.
Reading these sections and completing the problems should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Terms of Use: This content is available for free here. Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Web Media: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “How Does a Cat Land on Its Feet?”
Link: University of Toronto: Professor David Harrison’s Physics Flash Animations: “How Does a Cat Land on Its Feet?” (Flash)
Instructions: Follow this animation through the various steps until you can convincingly explain what a cat does to land on its feet to a nonphysics student.
You should spend about 15 minutesstudying this animation.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  Activity: Saint Anslem College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems”
Link: Saint Anselm College: Jeffery W. Schnick’s CalculusBased Physics: “1st Semester SAC Physics Problems” (PDF)
Instructions: Work on solving problems 1 through 4 from SAC105. The solutions are available, but make a serious attempt to solve the problems before looking at the solutions.
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 Reading: OpenStax College’s College Physics

Unit 9 Assessment
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 8 Assessment”
Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 8 Assessment”
Instructions: Answer the questions in this assessment to test your knowledge of the material covered in this unit. The answers will be displayed when you click “Submit.”
Note: You must be logged into your Saylor Foundation School account in order to access this assessment. If you do not yet have an account, you will be able to create one, free of charge, after clicking the link.
 Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 8 Assessment”

Final Exam
 Final Exam: The Saylor Academy's “PHYS101 Final Exam”
Link: The Saylor Academy's “PHYS101 Final Exam” (HTML)
Instructions: You must be logged into your Saylor Academy School account in order to access this exam. If you do not yet have an account, you will be able to create one, free of charge, after clicking the link.
 Final Exam: The Saylor Academy's “PHYS101 Final Exam”