The Weekend Assignment is to learn something new about footnotes. Do you read the footnotes when you are prompted or do you wait until the end of the page to see what they say? Or do you ignore1 the footnotes all together?

But before you explore the footnotes let’s see what was learned about last week’s Weekend Assignment on cities.

Humans have always been a social species that require structure and community. We have gone from living in small tribes, to villages, to towns, and then large cities. A larger city has advantages, such as an easier distribution of resources, greater diversity, and a better opportunity for socialization.

The first city to have a recorded population over 1 million was the city of Rome around 1 CE. Today the city with the largest population is Shanghai, with over 24 million people.

In early human history most of the world’s population lived outside of cities, but today it is estimated that over 54% now live in urban areas.

Cities can also be considered to be an entire country and are called city-states. The three most prominent city-states are Monaco, Singapore, and the Vatican City.

Singapore has a population of over 5 million people, making the city-state larger than 48% of the world’s nations. The least populous country is Vatican City with a population around 800.

1Please try not to ignore footnotes, especially when reading educational material.

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