Q: Why is Louis Sullivan called the “father of skyscrapers?”
A: Probably the most important American architect of the nineteenth century, Louis Sullivan rejected the design of early skyscrapers that borrowed heavily from European traditions and were characterized by horizontal lines that actually de-emphasized their verticality. Sullivan instead attempted to create a bold new architectural style that would be symbolic of the self-assurance and prosperity of the United States and created skyscrapers that emphasized rather than downplayed the buildings’ verticality.
Q: Where did the saying “form follows function” come from?
A: “Form follows function” was first coined by the American architect and “father of the skyscraper” Louis Sullivan, in 1896. The phrase has come to express a principle that became the foundation of twentieth-century modern architecture and industrial design.